Citation Style Guides

Why are Citations Important?

Whenever you use the words or ideas of someone else in your paper or presentation, you must cite your source. Failure to do so may be considered to be plagiarism. The most common citation styles are APA, MLA, and Turabian, but there are many others. Different disciplines use different citation styles, so confirm with your instructor which style you should use. UBC Library provides a guide on Academic Integrity & Plagiarism.

Do it Yourself: Quick Guides for APA, MLA & Chicago

Writing notes

APA: Getting Started
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Example APA Title Page
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MLA: Getting Started [7th ed.]
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MLA: Getting Started [8th ed.]
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Chicago: Getting Started [Humanities Style]
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Chicago: Getting Started [Author-Date System]
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The above Quick Guides were created by UBC Okanagan librarians for consultation and include a wide-variety of citation examples. If you have a suggestion for an example not currently included, please email

The Software Solution: RefWorks & Write-N-Cite

Use RefWorks  software to:

  • Keep track of your references/citations
  • Format your citations and bibliographies automatically
  • Free to UBC students, staff and faculty
  • UBC Library guide on using RefWorks & Write-N-Cite

Other software solutions: UBC Library Guide on Citation Management, BibTeXEndNote

Additional Citation Manuals at the Library & Online

For specific styles, additional information and examples of citations of less common materials and formats, consult the following:

AAA – American Anthropology Association Citation Style (Discontinued by AAA as of September 2015, they recommend using Chicago’s Author-Date system)

ACS – American Chemical Society Style Guide QD 8.5 A25 2006 & Online |ACS Quick Style Guide Jan 2017 [PDF – will open in new tab]

APA – Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) 
BF 76.7 P83 2010

IEEE – Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Citation Style

LawLegal Citation Guide

MLA – MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers by Joseph Gibaldi 
LB 2369 G53 2009


Additional Online Resources for Understanding Citation

Academic Integrity & PlagiarismHighlighting text Guide from UBC Library

Comparison Citation Style Chart (APA, MLA, Chicago) from OWL Purdue

How to Cite from UBC Library

How to Cite Data from UBC Library

Business Citation Examples: APA Style from David Lam Library, UBC

Avoid Plagiarism from UBC’s Learning Commons


Get Help with Citations

If you’re struggling with citations or have a question, there are numerous resources available to assist you: