These guides can help you to meet the requirements of different citation styles.

Whenever you use the words or ideas of someone else in your paper or presentation, you must cite your source. Failure to do so may be considered to be plagiarism. Different disciplines use different citation styles, so confirm with your instructor which style you should use if the style is not explicit in the instructions for the assignment.

Style Manuals

Getting started with APA

UBC Librarians have created an APA Citation Style Guide to assist you with formatting in-text citations, formatting a reference list, and structuring your paper for course work.

As the 7th edition of the APA Style Guide was released in 2019, it is now the recommended version. The documents below are provided in case the 6th edition still needs to be consulted.

Getting started with MLA

The Modern Language Association (MLA) citation style is commonly used in the Humanities and Social Sciences. See below for an introduction to the style, created by librarians at UBC.

Getting started with Chicago

The Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.) has two completely different versions of citation. The Notes and Bibliography Style is commonly used in the Humanities and Arts, while the Author-Date Style is used in the Social Sciences. The various links below will take you to sample citations and the full style guide online.

Additional Citation Styles

For specific styles, additional information and examples of citations of less common materials and formats, consult the following:

ACS – American Chemical Society Style Guide Online Manual & UBC Library ACS Quick Guide

IEEE – Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Citation Style

Law – Legal Citation Guide

SAA – Society for American Archaeology Quick Guide

One-on-one Support

Get help with citing sources correctly by visiting the Library Service Desk. Visit AskAway for for immediate chat help, email with a specific question, or make an appointment with a subject librarian for in-depth citation support.


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Understanding Citation